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Poem Structures and Examples
Poem structures are set ways that where created by English Majors and other Poets in order to create a poem. There are hundreds of different Poem Structures, and we will do our best to get them all! The poem structures are listed in Alphabetic order. If you would like to contribute post the name of the structure, a description of the lines (examples are how many syllables, if it requires a couplet or quatrain, etc.)
- Alphabetic Sequence
The rule in Alphabet in Sequence is that each word of the poem, in sequence, must contain each letter of the alphabet in consecutive running order. Often Alphabetic Sequence poems do not make any sense at all, as is hard to find words that run smoothly in alphabetical order.
By Paul McCann
A Blood Counting Dentist Elasticised Frankenstein's Gums.
His Injections Just Kidnapped Loose Molars Never Offering People Quick Replacements .
Some Transformations Used Vampires With X-tremely Yellow Zombies
Cinquain poems follow the following rules -
Line 1 - One word (a noun) naming the subject of the verse.
Line 2 - Two words (adjectives) describing the subject.
Line 3 - Three words (verbs) describing the subject's actions.
Line 4 - Four words giving the writer's opinion of the subject.
Line 5 - One word (noun) giving another name for the subject.
The Cinquain by Beverley George
Written by C.Alfonzetti
Singing, shrieking, sobbing
A moody music maker
- Concrete Poem
Concrete Poem (also called The Shape Poem or Pattern Poem) uses a word plan that forms the shape of the subject or theme.
A Christmas Tree
By Paul McCann
Christmas tree .
Twinkling with lights
Adorned with gold and silver tinsel .
Softly sparkling in spirals on each branch .
A Christmas tree to gather around in love.
Christmas trees and families captured in the presence where angels dance .
A Christmas tree stands in the window, many brightly lit Christmas trees stand in windows lighting up streets all over town,
bless the tree full of joy and wonder .
they reach up
then they grab
suddenly the tree
comes falling down.
Diamante is a seven line poem where the theme or topic of the poem ends opposite to the opening topic. English grammar is used and the rules are as follows;
Line 1 - Name (Noun) Theme/Object
Line 2 - Two adjectives describing the noun in line 1.
Line 3 - Three participles (-ing or -ed), relating to line 1 and 2 of the poem.
Line 4 - Four nouns (2 refering to the noun in line 1 and the other 2 refering to line 7).
Line 5 - Three participles (relating to noun in line 7)
Line 6 - Two adjectives (describing the noun in line 7)
Line 7 - Noun (names the Theme or object which is the opposite of the noun in line 1.
Stretching the Relationship
By Paul McCann
Loving, sharing : attatched.
Harmony, wedlock, Betrayal, conflict.
Hating, annulled abandoned.
- Found Poetry
Found Poetry is when an author takes words from his environment and mashes them together. You are not allowed to add any other words, except those in your environment.
But it's not bigger than God,
Nothing is ... 'cause he made the world
without even using a ladder
Yeah, but Jesus is tiny.
Daddy can we get an ice cream cone
can we? can we, please.
No, let's go to the museum.
Ice cream huh? well okay
A Haiku is a three-lined poem, often about nature.
The first line contains five syllables.
The second line contains seven syllables.
The third line contains five syllbales.
Example [it also helps you remember the format!]
I am first with five
Then seven in the middle
Five again to end.
Acrostic poetry is written in nonrhyming form. The letters of a name form the first letter of each line of the poem, which when read downwards read out a name. Acrostic poetry usually expresses appreciation, interesting insights, or humorous thoughts about the person or object.
By Tanya Bulkeley
Terrifc, wonderful teddy bears taht
Everybody loves. It scares dark
Dreams away in foggy, starless skies.
Doing nothing but guarding
You from dragons and monstrous sights.
"Boy!" what a cuddly sight
Every morning when you awake they
Are lying in dreamland
Right beside your pillow.
Question poetry asks questions about the subject. There are usually four questions. The pattern is AABB.
By Kevin Mullins
Do trees get tired of standing around all day?
Do they wish they could go out and play?
Do they get tired of birds nesting in their hair?
Do they wish they could sit in a very comfortable chair?
- Shakespearian Sonnet
Sonnets are composed of 14 lines in iambic pentameter with the following rhyming scheme: abab cdcd efef gg. Shakespearian sonnets typically have 10 syllables per line.
Romeo and Juliet
By William Shakespear
Two households, both alike in dignity,
In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;
Whose misadventured piteous overthrows
Do with their death bury their parents' strife.
The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,
And the continuance of their parents' rage,
Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,
Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;
The which if you with patient ears attend,
What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.
- Free Verse
Free Verse has no set structure and does not need to follow a rhyme scheme, allowing the writer to be creative and unrestricted, but are still counted as poems.
Time draws on and the ground lays cold.
The streets lay dormant in a dark sea of black,
With lamp posts littered around the vast space,
Emitting an errie light which creeps into all cracks.
A nearby bridge glistens with frost and due,
It's metal a bitter cold, so harsh and sharp.
I gaze down into the reaches of the curdling,
tumbling tide below as it cascades in symphony.
An Ode is a lyrical poem usually consiting of three parts, effectively a song.
Pantoum needs no rhyme scheme, but every second line of a stanza is the first of the next.
A Day In The Life Of Llewys
I woke up and clambered out of bed
The skies seemed dull and black overhead.
I put on my clothes and stumbled upstairs,
And blinked hard as the lights flashed on.
The skies seemed dull and black overhead,
The clouds seemed motionless and dead.
I looked down at my watch, it read 10:15,
I hurried out into the street just in time for the bus.
The clouds seemed motionless and dead,
The bus ride to school seemed endless.
Heat waves rippled through the air,
Scorching the surroundings and making it stuffy.