Thread: Poem Structures and Examples
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01-07-2006, 01:07 AM
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Poem Structures and Examples
Poem structures are set ways that where created by English Majors and other Poets in order to create a poem. There are hundreds of different Poem Structures, and we will do our best to get them all! The poem structures are listed in Alphabetic order. If you would like to contribute post the name of the structure, a description of the lines (examples are how many syllables, if it requires a couplet or quatrain, etc.)

  • Alphabetic Sequence
    The rule in Alphabet in Sequence is that each word of the poem, in sequence, must contain each letter of the alphabet in consecutive running order. Often Alphabetic Sequence poems do not make any sense at all, as is hard to find words that run smoothly in alphabetical order.


    Example

    Transylvanian Extractions
    By Paul McCann

    A Blood Counting Dentist Elasticised Frankenstein's Gums.
    His Injections Just Kidnapped Loose Molars Never Offering People Quick Replacements .
    Some Transformations Used Vampires With X-tremely Yellow Zombies


  • Cinquain
    Cinquain poems follow the following rules -
    Line 1 - One word (a noun) naming the subject of the verse.
    Line 2 - Two words (adjectives) describing the subject.
    Line 3 - Three words (verbs) describing the subject's actions.
    Line 4 - Four words giving the writer's opinion of the subject.
    Line 5 - One word (noun) giving another name for the subject.


    Example

    The Cinquain by Beverley George
    Written by C.Alfonzetti

    Violin
    Brown, shapely
    Singing, shrieking, sobbing
    A moody music maker
    Fiddle


  • Concrete Poem
    Concrete Poem (also called The Shape Poem or Pattern Poem) uses a word plan that forms the shape of the subject or theme.


    Example

    A Christmas Tree
    By Paul McCann

    A
    Christmas tree .
    Twinkling with lights
    Adorned with gold and silver tinsel .
    Softly sparkling in spirals on each branch .
    A Christmas tree to gather around in love.
    Christmas trees and families captured in the presence where angels dance .
    A Christmas tree stands in the window, many brightly lit Christmas trees stand in windows lighting up streets all over town,
    bless the tree full of joy and wonder .
    Little children
    they reach up
    then they grab
    suddenly the tree
    comes falling down.



  • Diamante
    Diamante is a seven line poem where the theme or topic of the poem ends opposite to the opening topic. English grammar is used and the rules are as follows;

    Line 1 - Name (Noun) Theme/Object

    Line 2 - Two adjectives describing the noun in line 1.

    Line 3 - Three participles (-ing or -ed), relating to line 1 and 2 of the poem.

    Line 4 - Four nouns (2 refering to the noun in line 1 and the other 2 refering to line 7).

    Line 5 - Three participles (relating to noun in line 7)

    Line 6 - Two adjectives (describing the noun in line 7)

    Line 7 - Noun (names the Theme or object which is the opposite of the noun in line 1.


    Example

    Stretching the Relationship
    By Paul McCann

    Marriage.

    Arranged Together

    Loving, sharing : attatched.

    Harmony, wedlock, Betrayal, conflict.

    Hating, annulled abandoned.

    Separate,bereft.

    Divorce


  • Found Poetry
    Found Poetry is when an author takes words from his environment and mashes them together. You are not allowed to add any other words, except those in your environment.


    Example

    Family Outing

    It's enormous,

    But it's not bigger than God,
    Nothing is ... 'cause he made the world
    without even using a ladder

    Yeah, but Jesus is tiny.

    Daddy can we get an ice cream cone
    can we? can we, please.

    No, let's go to the museum.

    Please...

    Ice cream huh? well okay


  • Haiku
    A Haiku is a three-lined poem, often about nature.

    The first line contains five syllables.
    The second line contains seven syllables.
    The third line contains five syllbales.


    Example [it also helps you remember the format!]

    I am first with five
    Then seven in the middle
    Five again to end.


  • Acrostic
    Acrostic poetry is written in nonrhyming form. The letters of a name form the first letter of each line of the poem, which when read downwards read out a name. Acrostic poetry usually expresses appreciation, interesting insights, or humorous thoughts about the person or object.


    Example

    Teddy Bear
    By Tanya Bulkeley

    Terrifc, wonderful teddy bears taht
    Everybody loves. It scares dark
    Dreams away in foggy, starless skies.
    Doing nothing but guarding
    You from dragons and monstrous sights.

    "Boy!" what a cuddly sight
    Every morning when you awake they
    Are lying in dreamland
    Right beside your pillow.


  • Question
    Question poetry asks questions about the subject. There are usually four questions. The pattern is AABB.


    Example

    Trees
    By Kevin Mullins

    Do trees get tired of standing around all day?
    Do they wish they could go out and play?
    Do they get tired of birds nesting in their hair?
    Do they wish they could sit in a very comfortable chair?


  • Shakespearian Sonnet
    Sonnets are composed of 14 lines in iambic pentameter with the following rhyming scheme: abab cdcd efef gg. Shakespearian sonnets typically have 10 syllables per line.


    Example

    Romeo and Juliet
    By William Shakespear


    Two households, both alike in dignity,
    In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
    From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
    Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
    From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
    A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;
    Whose misadventured piteous overthrows
    Do with their death bury their parents' strife.
    The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,
    And the continuance of their parents' rage,
    Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,
    Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;
    The which if you with patient ears attend,
    What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.


  • Free Verse
    Free Verse has no set structure and does not need to follow a rhyme scheme, allowing the writer to be creative and unrestricted, but are still counted as poems.


    Example
    The City

    Time draws on and the ground lays cold.
    The streets lay dormant in a dark sea of black,
    With lamp posts littered around the vast space,
    Emitting an errie light which creeps into all cracks.

    A nearby bridge glistens with frost and due,
    It's metal a bitter cold, so harsh and sharp.
    I gaze down into the reaches of the curdling,
    tumbling tide below as it cascades in symphony.


  • Ode
    An Ode is a lyrical poem usually consiting of three parts, effectively a song.


  • Pantoum
    Pantoum needs no rhyme scheme, but every second line of a stanza is the first of the next.


    Example
    A Day In The Life Of Llewys

    I woke up and clambered out of bed
    The skies seemed dull and black overhead.
    I put on my clothes and stumbled upstairs,
    And blinked hard as the lights flashed on.

    The skies seemed dull and black overhead,
    The clouds seemed motionless and dead.
    I looked down at my watch, it read 10:15,
    I hurried out into the street just in time for the bus.

    The clouds seemed motionless and dead,
    The bus ride to school seemed endless.
    Heat waves rippled through the air,
    Scorching the surroundings and making it stuffy.



Last edited by WNxÁngelCaido; 11-16-2007 at 02:58 PM..
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09-01-2006, 07:04 AM
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A sonnet should be in Iambic Pentameter, which is sort of like a non stressed or dominant syllable, followed by a stressed, or dominant syllable. the basic example is

da DUM da DUM da DUM

where da is non stressed and DUM is stressed. A Sonnet consists of 5 Iambic Feet (da DUM is one Iambic foot) per line

so one iambic line is

da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM.

this is used mainly in sonnets, it is, in fact, generally a requirement of a sonnet, except for i think one type, but it can be used in other poems.

eg.
in the romeo and juliet opening (second and third lines, i can't get the pentameter of the first line for some reason.)

the bold underlined syllables are the dominant syllables(the DUM).


In Fair Verona Where we lay our scene,
from Ancient grudge break new mutiny

and so on so forth, for the whole sonnet. Shakespeare is a genius because of how many damn sonnets he wrote in Iambic Pentameter.

An educational lesson on shakespeare and poetry for you by Psykie.



Last edited by WNxPsyker; 09-01-2006 at 07:09 AM..
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WNxRazz
01-23-2008, 07:35 AM
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A bit larger form of haiku is tanka, which you might also add in the first post.
In tanka:
The first line contains 5 syllables.
The second line contains 7 syllables.
The third line contains 5 syllables.
The fourth line contains 7 syllables.
The fift line contains 7 syllables.



 
 
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WNxXanados
01-23-2008, 04:43 PM
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Here's an interesting form that's easy to use and simple.

Huitain - a form that uses the ababbcbc rhyme scheme in one stanza with no refrain. Also called a Monk's Tale stanza that was used consistently in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.

Example:

Her Dust – A Huitain by Zeke Zekenby
Planetary belt. bound by space.
Cylindrical calendar trust.
My heart-strings pounding, frantic pace.
Scorpios' Pluto! Loving. Just.
Inspiration. Moon daydream, must.
Reduce poetesses from nine.
To eight? Barret-Browning. Her dust?
Revolutionary, sublime!!



 
 
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